Four ways to stop your cat from scratching indoors
Cats spend most of the time with their claws safely retracted, particularly around their owners. However, without a proper outlet for scratching and claw maintenance, household items like sofas, wallpaper, curtains or carpets might become a destructive outlet for a household cat’s scratching needs.
Understanding the motives behind this scratching behaviour is the first step in stopping it being a problem, while also keeping your cat properly stimulated and happy.
Why do cats scratch?
Cats may scratch objects around the house for a number of reasons, and it’s important to figure out why your cat is scratching before you address the behaviour. The most common reasons cats scratch include:
To keep their claws healthy:
A cat’s claws are constantly growing and renewing, and scratching encourages the outside husks of the claw to come away, revealing new (and sharper) claws beneath. You can often find these husks embedded in or scattered around places your cat likes to scratch.
To mark their territory:
Scratching leaves visual and scent messages to other cats, letting them know that this is your cat’s home. If your cat is scratching near the door or cat flap, this could well be the reason.
To attract your attention:
Cats may seem aloof, but most felines love to interact with people, and scratching can be a way to get you to notice them.
It feels good:
Scratching helps exercise the muscles of the back and shoulders, and it’s pretty obvious from anyone who spends time with cats that they do love a good scratch!
How to stop cats from scratching furniture
Scratching is a healthy and productive self-maintenance activity for cats. By providing your cat with the proper outlets for this habit you’ll keep your cat healthy and your furniture intact. You can help encourage positive scratching behaviour and curb this potentially destructive habit in several ways.
1. Provide an alternative scratching point
If your cat is scratching to sharpen its claws, then the obvious solution is to buy a scratching post as a replacement target.
Place the scratching post in front of its favourite scratching point, and encourage your cat by gently rubbing its paws on the new post. Scratching posts are designed with scratching behaviour in mind, and your cat will likely prefer this post over any other household object.
2. Use treats to encourage a new scratching outlet
You’ve been gently and patiently encouraging your cat to use the new scratching post – but it’s not interested. If this is the case for your cat, try using tempting treats.
Place treats on top of the post, and give your cat lots of attention when it finds the treat. Now try blocking off the old scratching points – hopefully your cat will learn to love the new post over its old scratching spots.
3. Help your cat feel more secure
If your cat is scratching near the door, window or cat flap, it may be feeling insecure in its territory. Here’s how to help your cat feel less stressed:
Install a cat flap:
A microchip-activated cat flap that disallows entry by other cats will give your cat better access to its outdoor territory.
Clean the places where your cat is scratch marking:
Removing the smell can discourage your cat from scratching the same spot over and over.
Make your home smaller:
Restrict access to a number of ‘non-essential’ rooms. Your cat will gradually become more comfortable in the main rooms, like the kitchen, living room and hallway.
Create sitting platforms in high places:
This way, your cat can survey its territory from on high and feel more confident that your home is free of intruders.
Help your cat scent mark your house:
Cats have scent glands in their cheeks, which is why they often rub objects with their faces. Rub your cat’s cheek with a cloth to collect some of this scent, and then rub the cloth around the house, helping your cat feel more relaxed in its territory.
Don’t shout at or punish your cat for scratching:
This can make your cat even more stressed and more prone to scratch marking.
4. Take time to play with and exercise your cat
Many cats love attention from their human friends, but aren’t always sure of the best way to attract it. Your cat may have discovered that while you ignore them when they use the scratching post, you’ll definitely give them attention if they take a few swipes at the new leather sofa.
Spending more time playing with your cat and providing them with toys may help reduce their scratching problem. Additionally, giving your cat ample positive praise and attention when they use the ‘official’ scratching post may also help moderate its behaviour.
Above all, remember that scratching is a natural behaviour for a cat, and one that shouldn’t be outlawed. Rather, with proper persuasion and encouragement, your cat can find a better way to exercise this natural behaviour on their designated scratching post.